Plastic Waste Bottle in Mortar Block for River Bank Protection Work

Document Type : Review


1 Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Rajshahi Bypass, Bangladesh (RUET).

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology, Gazipur, Bangladesh (DUET).


Bangladesh is a land of rivers and there are more than 230 rivers. Bank protection of rivers is an important thing all over the country because river banks are damaged by water flow and natural disasters every year. This paper’s purpose is the make Mortar blocks with used plastic to protect the Riverbank erosion. Plastic is one of the most significant innovations of the 20th century, and there is a lot of waste after use. Only 1 to 2% of waste plastic is used for various purposes in America and there are10.5 million tons of plastic waste released every year. Plastic waste is now a serious environmental threat to modern civilization so, the reuse of plastic waste in the mortar blocks to minimizes the environmental threat. The plastic bottles are filled with Course sand with cement and water-cement ratio in 35%. In the project, the cement-sand ratio is 1:3. In this study, five types percentage of replacement waste plastic bottles are used to determine the exact percentage of replacement waste plastic bottles. For 6"×6"×6" mortar block the required strength of 12 MPa occurred at 11% of bottle content. But the compressive strength of the mortar block decrease with the increase of the size of the mortar block.


Main Subjects

Copyright © 2022 Mr Shahinuzzaman. This is an open access paper distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. Journal of Civil Engineering and Materials Application is published by Pendar Pub; Journal p-ISSN 2676-332X; Journal e-ISSN 2588-2880.

[1] Saikia N, De Brito J. Use of plastic waste as aggregate in cement mortar and concrete preparation: A review. Construction and Building Materials. 2012 Sep 1;34:385-401. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[2] Safaye Nikoo H, Shahrabadi H. Influence of Plastic Aggregate and Curing Condition on the Mechanical Properties of Concrete Containing Silica Fume in Marine Environments. Shipping & Marine Technology. 2015 Apr 21;3(1):77-88. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[3] Alavi-Dehkordi S, Mostofinejad D, Alaee P. Effects of high-strength reinforcing bars and concrete on seismic behavior of RC beam-column joints. Engineering Structures. 2019 Mar 15;183:702-19. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[4] Shaper AA. HAZARDS OF PLASTIC BAGS. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1959 Jun 20;170(8):995-. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[5] Anumol S, Elson J. Study on the performance of plastic as replacement of aggregates. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. 2015;4(11):187-90. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[6] Mathew P, Varghese S, Paul T, Varghese E. Recycled plastics as coarse aggregate for structural concrete. International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. 2013 Mar;2(3):687-90. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[7] Naik TR. Sustainability of concrete construction. Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction. 2008 May;13(2):98-103. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[8] Osei DY. Experimental investigation on recycled plastics as aggregate in concrete. Int. J. Struct. Civ. Eng. Res. 2014;3(2):168-74. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[9] Patil PS, Mali JR, Tapkire GV, Kumavat HR. Innovative techniques of waste plastic used in concrete mixture. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 2014 Jun 3;3(9):29-32. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[10] Lakshmi, R, S Nagan, and Sivagangai Dist. n.d. “Investigations On Durability Characteristics Of E-Plastic Waste Incorporated Concrete.” Asian Journal Of Civil Engineering (Building And Housing) Vol. 12, No. 6 (2011) Pages 773-787. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[11] Mathew P, Ambika KP, Prakash P, Barried T, Varsha P. Comparative study on waste plastic incorporated concrete blocks with ordinary concrete blocks. Int Res J Eng Technol. 2016;3:1894-6.[View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[12] Soroushian P, Elzafraney M, Nossoni A, Chowdhury H. Evaluation of normal-weight and light-weight fillers in extruded cellulose fiber cement products. Cement and Concrete Composites. 2006 Jan 1;28(1):69-76. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[13] Rahman MM, Islam MA, Ahmed M. Recycling of waste polymeric materials as a partial replacement for aggregate in concrete. InProceedings of the International Conference on Chemical, Environmental and Biological Sciences (ICCEBS’12) 2012 Feb (pp. 99-102). [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[14] Raghatate Atul M. Use of plastic in a concrete to improve its properties. International journal of advanced engineering research and studies. 2012 Jun;1(3):109-11. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[15] Nodehi M, Taghvaee VM. Applying Circular Economy to Construction Industry through Use of Waste Materials: A Review of Supplementary Cementitious Materials, Plastics, and Ceramics. Circular Economy and Sustainability. 2022 Jan 16:1-34. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[16] Park SB, Lee BC. Studies on expansion properties in mortar containing waste glass and fibers. Cement and concrete research. 2004 Jul 1;34(7):1145-52. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[17] Senthil Kumar K, Baskar K. Recycling of E-plastic waste as a construction material in developing countries. Journal of material cycles and waste management. 2015 Oct;17(4):718-24. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[18] Singh P, Sharma VP. Integrated plastic waste management: environmental and improved health approaches. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 2016 Jan 1;35:692-700. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[19] Xu F, Wang S, Li T, Liu B, Li B, Zhou Y. Mechanical properties and pore structure of recycled aggregate concrete made with iron ore tailings and polypropylene fibers. Journal of Building Engineering. 2021 Jan 1;33:101572. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[20] Subramanian PM. Plastics recycling and waste management in the US. Resources, Conservation and Recycling. 2000 Feb 1;28(3-4):253-63. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[21] Kumar H, Varma S. A review on utilization of steel slag in hot mix asphalt. International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology. 2021 Mar;14(2):232-42. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
[22] Hossain, Shafiul, Md Anisur Rahman, Myisha Ahmed Chowdhury, and Sajib Kumar Mohonta. 2020. “Plastic Pollution in Bangladesh: A Review on Current Status Emphasizing the Impacts on Environment and Public Health.” Environmental Engineering Research 26 (6): 200535–0. [View at Google Scholar]; [View at Publisher].
Volume 6, Issue 1
March 2022
Pages 25-39
  • Receive Date: 04 February 2022
  • Revise Date: 24 February 2022
  • Accept Date: 21 March 2022
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2022