Influence of the Performance of Reclaimed Asphalt Pavement (RAP) Material on Bituminous Mix

Document Type : Original Article


IIEST, Howrah, WB, India.


The utilization of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material to prepare a durable bituminous concrete (BC) mixture, used for flexible pavement surface courses is a challenging task in this investigation. RAP material is one of the latest substitutes for virgin aggregate and virgin binder of the bituminous mix. Using RAP material in flexible pavements can improve the engineering properties of bituminous mix and is also beneficial for economic and environmental.  To execute such study, virgin aggregate (VA) has been replaced by 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 75, and 100% of RAP material, respectively, in the cited mix with 2% Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) as mineral filler. To characterize the RAP material, several laboratory tests such as specific gravity test, water absorption test, shape test, impact test, Los-Angeles abrasion test and, advanced tests as X-RF, X-RD, and GPC test, etc. have been employed. However, to assess the durability and strength of RAP enriched BC mix, Marshall stability test, modified Marshall immersion test, indirect tensile strength (ITS) test and, Cantabro abrasion test has been conducted.  Marshall stability test, modified Marshall immersion test, ITS test, and Cantabro abrasion test is explored that 50% RAP modified bituminous mix has the capability to best perform than the other studied mix in terms of durability and strength. Because the molecular bonding of carbonyl compound between aged and virgin binder is suspected in the mix improvement factor that leads to the longer span life of the RAP modified flexible pavement.


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Copyright © 2021 Sukanta Karati. This is an open access paper distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License. Journal of Civil Engineering and Materials Application is published by Pendar Pub; Journal p-ISSN 2676-332X; Journal e-ISSN 2588-2880.