Investigate the Effect of Parameters Compressive on Behavior of Concrete-Filled Tubular Columns under Fire

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Lorestan University, Khorramabad, Iran.

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Khorramabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran

10.22034/jcema.2019.203096.1007

Abstract

Concrete-filled steel tubular columns have been extensively used in structures, owing to that they utilize the most favorable properties of both constituent materials, ductility, large energy-absorption capacity, and good structural fire behavior. Concrete inside the steel tube enhances the stability of the steel tube, and the steel tube, in turn, provides effective lateral confinement to the concrete. Furthermore, the fire resistance of (CFT) columns is higher than that of hollow steel tubular columns, external protection being not needed in most cases. During a fire, the steel tube acts as a radiation shield to the concrete core and a steam layer in the steel- concrete boundary appears. This paper presents to investigate the effect of the parameters compressive on behavior of concrete-filled tubular (CFT) columns under fire by numerical simulations using ABAQUS software. Three different diameters to thickness ration of 54, 32 and 20 are considered in this study with two concrete's compressive strengths of 44 and 60 MPa. The measured compressive axial capacity is compared to their corresponding theoretical values predicted by four different international codes and standards. The results indicate that the effect of diameter to thickness ratio on the compressive behavior of the sections is greater than the effect of the other factors. Also, the axial capacity calculated by most of these codes reduces as the diameter to thickness ratio increases as verified by experimental results.

Keywords


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