Investigating the Effect of Nanoclay Additives on the Geotechnical Properties of Clay and Silt Soil

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Civil Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


With the rapid development of nanotechnology multi-disciplinary cross applications as well as the limitations of traditional materials, nanomaterials have been introduced to improve the soil. This paper investigates the potential advantages of nanotechnology for innovative solutions in the area of soil improvement. Studies on applied nanomaterials in geotechnical engineering show the way these nanoparticles are applied to improve soil engineering parameters. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of adding Nano clay on the geotechnical properties of clay and silt soil and improve their engineering properties. For this purpose, a series of tests were conducted including granulation, uniaxial, direct shear, Atterberg limits, compaction and triaxial tests on clay and silty soils. The results show that the liquid and plastic limits of soil will increase with increasing nanoparticles in soil composition. Also, according to the results of compaction test, by increasing in Nano clay the unit weight of clay soil will increase and optimum moisture content will decrease. According to the results from direct shear tests, by increasing in nanoparticles, the adhesion of clay and silt soils also increase. However, the internal friction angle of both clay and silt soil is reduced.


Main Subjects

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Volume 3, Issue 2
June 2019
Pages 65-77
  • Receive Date: 22 February 2018
  • Revise Date: 10 April 2019
  • Accept Date: 28 May 2019
  • First Publish Date: 01 June 2019