Document Type : Original Article
Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.
Due to the loss of life and damage to surface and underground structures, stabilization of trenches in order to control and stabilize landslides is very important. In the current study, the effect of the implementation of the pile has been analyzed to increase the stability of the trench under the impact of the earthquake. Therefore, a trench with 45 angle which reinforced by the pile, was analyzed with variable parameters, including the diameter of the pile (D) that was with a 0.9m diameter and other pile with 1.5m diameter, the buried length of the pile (L) was 10m and 15m. The space between the piles (S) to each other was implemented by three sizes; 0.3m, 4.5m and 0.6m, and the implementation of the pile with five forms on the span of the trench was analyzed to study its different behavior under seismic conditions. The results showed that with increasing the diameter of the pile and the implementation of the pile, the horizontal displacement of the span of the trench reduces 25% to the normal state. In addition, with an increase in the length of the pile, the level of the subsidence is 24 to 30 percent lower than the normal state.