Improvement of Out-of-Plane Behavior of Masonry Walls Using FRP Fibers

Document Type : Original Article


Department of Civil Engineering, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran.



In this research, the finite element modeling method as well as retrofitting of the masonry materials panel under the out-of- plane load was investigated by FRP composite using Abaqus software. In this study, a 1800-mm x 1800-mm wall was placed under an out-of-plane load and then reinforced using FRP sheets. The fibers were placed on the wall in two groups of CFRP and GFRP in four different ways. The wall was placed under a 60 kN out-of-plate load and the modeling results in Abaqus software showed that the wall reinforced with GFRP in Y-shape has 67% maximum performance improvement relative to other layouts, followed by the wall reinforced with CFRP sheet in X-shape with 66%. It is recommended to use these two layouts and fibers in construction.


Main Subjects

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