Application of Value Engineering in the Design and Implementation of Dam channel and Storage Pump Power Plant (Case Study of Siah Bishe Project)

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, University Kebangsaan Malaysia,43600 Bangi, UKM, Selangor, Malaysia.



Dams and Power Plants of Siah Bisheh are the first projects of the dams and Storage Pump Power Plant in Iran. The project is located 125 kilometers north of Tehran, Mazandaran province, which due to its proximity to the Siah Bisheh village it's called the same name. The purposes of this project are to create a balance in the consumable power grid of the country at high and low consumption hours, reduce the cost of thermal power of amortization, create a recreational and tourism environment in the region, and create job creation during the implementation and operation. This project has been found of two upper and lower dam and a Power Plant which is used of two channels due to the water transformation between the upper and lower dam. according to the relatively large distance between dams from each other and the complex topography of the Siah Bishe project, the design and implementation of channel tunnels have complexity and special importance, which its more important factors are being long route of the channel, passing the channel from the earthquake-prone and fault areas, high water pressure, the presence of tunnels and geological complexity of the area. According to the above subjects, the Siah Bishe projects had been one of the most complex and difficult parts of the project for design and implementation. In this article has been proceeded to the description of the important points of the value engineering application in the design and implementation of the channels, which its results and achievements will be very useful in designing and constructing of other countrys projects.


Main Subjects

1. Loucks DP, Van Beek E. Water Resource Systems Planning and Management: An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications: Springer; 2017.
2. Ingram EA. PUMPED STORAGE-Development Activity Spotlights-A sampling of pumped-storage new development and project rehabilitation in Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America illustrates the breadth and depth of this market sector. Hydro review worldwide. 2009;17(6):12.
3. Roosth S. Synthetic: How Life Got Made: University of Chicago Press; 2017.
4. Hadjipaschalis I, Poullikkas A, Efthimiou V. Overview of current and future energy storage technologies for electric power applications. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews. 2009;13(6):1513-22.
5. Garcia-Gonzalez J, de la Muela RMR, Santos LM, Gonzalez AM. Stochastic joint optimization of wind generation and pumped-storage units in an electricity market. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. 2008;23(2):460-8.
6. Hu X, Sun Q, Zhang H, Wang Z, editors. Multi-Objective Optimal Design of Wind/PV/Pumped-Storage System Based on GA. Power and Energy Engineering Conference (APPEEC), 2012 Asia-Pacific; 2012: IEEE.
7. Jiang R, Wang J, Guan Y. Robust unit commitment with wind power and pumped storage hydro. IEEE Transactions on Power Systems. 2012;27(2):800-10.
8. Nowak MP, Schultz R, Westphalen M. A stochastic integer programming model for incorporating day-ahead trading of electricity into hydro-thermal unit commitment. Optimization and Engineering. 2005;6(2):163-76.
9. Gollmer R, Gotzes U, Schultz R. A note on second-order stochastic dominance constraints induced by mixed-integer linear recourse. Mathematical Programming. 2011;126(1):179-90.
10. Deane JP, Gallachóir BÓ, McKeogh E. Techno-economic review of existing and new pumped hydro energy storage plant. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2010;14(4):1293-302.
11. Mirsaeidi S, Gandomkar M, Miveh MR, Gharibdoost MR, editors. Power system load regulation by pumped storage power plants. Electrical Power Distribution Networks (EPDC), 2012 Proceedings of 17th Conference on; 2012: IEEE.
12. Hachem F, Schleiss A. Detection of local wall stiffness drop in steel-lined pressure tunnels and shafts of hydroelectric power plants using steep pressure wave excitation and wavelet decomposition. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2011;138(1):35-45.
13. Prasad B. Concurrent engineering fundamentals: Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ; 1996.
14. Tui RNS. Analytical Hierarchy Process. 1980.
15. Salvendy G. Handbook of industrial engineering: technology and operations management: John Wiley & Sons; 2001.
16. Rezghi A, Riasi A. Sensitivity analysis of transient flow of two parallel pump-turbines operating at runaway. Renewable Energy. 2016;86:611-22.
17. Karimi A, Moosavi M, editors. Stability Analysis Of Right Pressure Shaft At Siah-Bishe Pumped Storage Project; Iran. ISRM International Symposium-5th Asian Rock Mechanics Symposium; 2008: International Society for Rock Mechanics.
Volume 1, Issue 3
December 2017
Pages 108-117
  • Receive Date: 14 August 2017
  • Revise Date: 12 September 2017
  • Accept Date: 05 December 2017
  • First Publish Date: 13 December 2017