Properties of Calcined Clay and Limestone Powder Blended Bio-Self Compacting Concrete

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Joseph Saawuan Tarka University Makurdi

2 Department of Civil Engineerig, College of Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria

4 Department of Civil Engineering, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria


Self-Compacting Concrete is a revolutionary concrete that has taken Europe, the America and Asia by storm following its development by Prof. Okamura’s research team in the late 20th century. Since then, it has been revolutionized into various improved forms either by tinkering with the constituents and mix design towards perfecting it or by use of locally available secondary cementitious materials and fillers that are ecofriendly and economical, thereby reducing the carbon footprint as well as enhancing its properties. This research looks into the possibility of using Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation on the engineering properties of calcined clay and Limestone powder blended ternary Self-Compacting Concrete, with emphasis on the evaluation of the fresh state properties as well as strength and durability. Calcined clay was used as Supplementary Cementitious Material at 15% replacement of cement and Limestone powder as filler, with Sporosarcina Pasteurii as MICP bacteria at different bacterial cell densities of 1.5x108cfu/ml, 1.2x109cfu/ml, and 2.4x109cfu/ml, (McFarland turbidity scale of 0.5, 4.0 and 8.0 respectively) and calcium lactate (nutrient) concentration of 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0% by weight of cement incorporated into the ternary blend. The strength is evaluated using compressive strength (at 7, 28 and 56 days curing) and split tensile strength (at 7 and 28 days) while the durability characteristics are evaluated using water absorption (7, 28 and 56 days) and sorptivity (7, 28 and 56 days) and the microstructure investigated using Standard electronic microscopy. The result indicates an overall improvement in the properties of the Self-compacting concrete.


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Volume 6, Issue 4
December 2022
  • Receive Date: 09 February 2023
  • Revise Date: 15 March 2023
  • Accept Date: 15 March 2023
  • First Publish Date: 15 March 2023